मोबाइल अॅप्लीकेशन्सचा वाढता उपयोग व गरज बघता भारत, चीन, इस्राइल, युरोप या देशांमध्ये अनेक नामांकित कंपन्या वेगवेगळे अॅप्लीकेशन्स तयार करतात. त्यासाठी खास डेव्हलपर्सची गरज भासते. अॅप्लीकेशन्सची वाढती मागणी व गरज लक्षात घेता, अनेक कंपन्यांनी खास योजना लॉन्च केल्या आहेत.

गेल्या वर्षीच्या तुलनेत या वर्षी या अॅप्लीकेशन मेकर्सची मागणी दुप्पटीने वाढली आहे. त्यांना डेव्हलपर्स म्हणून नियुक्ती दिली जाते. गरजेनुसार होणारा पुरवठा केवळ १३ टक्क्यांनी वाढला आहे. असे टॅलेन्ट न्युरॉन या वेबबेस्ड कंपनी झिन्नोवच्या एका अभ्यासातून लक्षात आले आहे.

गरज व मागणी यातील दरी भरून काढण्यासाठी कंपन्यांनी आंतरराष्ट्रीय प्रतीभा असलेले हॉट्स्पॉट्स म्हणून नावारूपास आलेल्या भारत, चीन, इस्राइल, युरोपकडे धाव घेतली आहे. या प्रतीभेचा फायदा मिळावा व ही दरी भरून निघावी म्हणून कंपन्या वेगवेगळे उपाय करीत आहेत. विक्रेता भागीदारी वाढव‌िणे हा त्यातीलच एक उपाय आहे. जगातील सर्वाधिक मोबाइल डेव्हलपर्स युरोप, मध्य पूर्व व आफ्रिकेत आहे. हा तोच भाग आहे जिथे जगातील ४२ टक्के मोबाइल डेव्हलपर्स आहेत. यात २५ शहरांचा समावेश आहे. फिनलॅन्ड, टेल अविव, मॉस्को ही यात प्रमुख वाढ होणारी ठिकाणं आहेत.

अॅन्ड्रॉइड प्लॅट्फॉर्मवर काम करणारा अशिया हा या क्षेत्रातील प्रमुख हॉट्स्पॉट मानला जातो. ब्लॅकबेरी व आयओएस यांचा या भागातील प्रसार त्या तुलनेत कमी आहे. एचटीएमएच-५ साठी लागणाऱ्या वेगवेगळ्या विकसनशील कौशल्यांची प्रचंड मोठ्या प्रमाणात मागणी आहे. ही गरज भरून काढण्यासाठी २०१३ मध्ये नोकऱ्यांमध्ये १४९ टक्के वाढ झाली आहे. अॅन्ड्रॉइड अप्लीकेशन डेव्हलपर्समध्ये १४६ टक्के वाढ झाली आहे. आयओएस डेव्हलपर्सची वाढ १३२ टक्के आहे. मोबाइल अॅप्लीकेशन्स डेव्हलपमेन्ट क्षेत्रात सध्या युद्धाची स्थिती निर्माण झाली आहे. ट्रेन्ड मनुष्यबळाची अल्प उपलब्धता व इंडस्ट्रीच्या कायम अप टू डेट स्टेट्स मुळे भविष्यात आणखी अॅप्लीकेशन डेव्हलपर्स लागणार आहेत, असे टॅलेन्ट न्युरॉनचे को-फाऊंडर व सीईओ विजय स्वामी सांगतात. त्यामुळे या क्षेत्रात भविष्यात करिअर घडविण्यासाठी चांगला स्कोप मिळणार आहे.

मोबाइल अॅप्लीकेशनचे कार्सेस

मोबाइल अॅप्लीकेशन बनविण्यासाठी तूर्तास खासगी संस्थांकडेच कोर्सेस उपलब्ध आहेत. पुणे, मुंबई, हैदाराबाद आदी ठिकाणी हे कोर्सेस उपलब्ध आहेत. त्यात जावा, अॅन्ड्रॉइड, आयओ ऑपरेटिंग सिस्टिम्समधील अनेक अॅप्लीकेशन्स बनविण्याचे प्रशिक्षण विद्यार्थ्यांना मिळविता येते. त्यापैकी या काही निवडक संस्थांमध्ये हे कार्सेस उपलब्ध आहेत.

अरीना अॅनीमेशन्स, मुंबई

वनफोर्स सोल्यूशन्स, मुंबई

मल्टीसॉफ्ट सिस्टिम्स, नोएडा

अॅटलांटा कंम्यूटर, नागपूर

एसव्हीआर टेक्नॉलॉजी, नागपूर

मोबीसॉफ्ट प्रायव्हेट लिमिटेड, पुणे

जिनीयर पोर्ट

आयफोनसाठी असलेला अभ्यासक्रम

सी, सी प्लस प्लसचे ज्ञान आवश्यक असते. हा कोर्स तीन महिने ते एक वर्षाचा आहे. बंगरूळू, जयपूर येथे या कार्सेसचे प्रशिक्षण अधिक चांगल्या पद्धतीने मिळते.

गुगल अॅन्ड्रॉइड

यात जावा आणि कोर जावाचे प्रशिक्षण दिले जाते. तीन टप्प्यांमध्ये हा अभ्यासक्रम शिकविला जातो. चेन्नई, पुणे, सिंघगडरोड, पर्वती यासाठी या कार्सेसच्या चांगल्या संस्था उपलब्ध आहेत. या कार्सेचा कालावधीही एक वर्षाचा आहे.

आणखी काही कार्सेस बेसिक मोबाइल अॅप डेव्हलपरः या कोर्सची फी सुमारे २० हजार आहे. जे२एमई प्लॅटफॉर्ममध्ये अॅप डेव्ह‌लप करण्याचे प्रशिक्षण यात दिले जाते. ब्लॅकबेरी अॅप डेव्हलपरः सुमारे १० हजार रुपये फी असलेल्या या कोर्सचा कालावधी जास्तीत जास्त एक ते दीड महिन्याचा आहे. आयफोन डेव्हलपरः या कोर्सची फी सुमारे १२ हजार रुपये आहे. यात आयओ ओएस पद्धतीने अॅप तयार केले जातात. या कोर्सचा जास्तीत जास्त कालावधी नऊ आठवड्यांचा आहे.

(from प्रगती फास्ट-Maharashtra Times http://maharashtratimes.indiatimes.com/rssarticleshow/20575111.cms)

There is no justification for the Maoist’s armed struggle

The ghastly ambush and murder of unarmed political leaders by Maoists in Chhattisgarh ought to focus the national discourse on the nature of the problem the India republic faces in the forested areas of Central India. Instead, the discourse is being distorted in two baleful directions. First, into a partisan “Congress vs BJP” shouting match. Second, and more dangerously, it is being purposefully led astray by arguments that position Maoist violence as a reaction to Salwa Judum, an anti-Maoist vigilante group whose leader, Mahendra Karma, was killed in the incidents.

Let us get the discourse back on line. The Communist Party of India (Maoist) is engaged in a war against the Republic of India. Violence and “armed struggle” are core part of the ideology, practice and empirical record of Maoist groups. The violence didn’t start in 2006, when Salwa Judum was created.

Rather, Salwa Judum was a reaction—albeit a deeply flawed and misguided one—to decades of Maoist violence. To argue that the Maoists escalated violence because of Salwa Judum—for instance, as Ramachandra Guha has done in The Hindu—would be to ignore the broader historical context. Also, would a “peace” imposed by the Maoists on a hapless tribal population be morally acceptable to the citizens of the Indian republic?

Therefore, the Chhattisgarh attack must be seen for what it is—an attempt to disrupt a democratic political process whose success could further marginalise the Maoists. (See our issue brief for details).

This blog has been a severe critic of Salwa Judum from the outset: the state cannot outsource its monopoly over the legitimate use of force. It does so at the risk of landing up in a moral quagmire. Salwa Judum was not merely unconstitutional, it was poor strategy. The use of surrendered militants in Jammu & Kashmir, for instance, undermined India’s counter-insurgency initiatives in the longer term. That lesson was not learnt, and was certainly not applied in Chhattisgarh. If Maoist depredations are explained away by commentators today, it is because of Salwa Judum. Of course, Maoist sympathisers and fronts would find other reasons to justify the violence, but Salwa Judum gave them one highly visible and easy target to hit.

Even so, the fact that Salwa Judum was a wrong move does not mean that killing Mr Karma is somehow justified. It is the strength of the Indian republic that citizens were able to get the Supreme Court to wind down Salwa Judum. Those who felt Mr Karma had crimes to answer for should have taken recourse to the legal system. Yes, cases take too long. Yes, some politicians get away on technicalities. Yes, sometimes judges are compromised. None of this legitimises Maoists killing Mr Karma and massacring many others. In fact, those who claim killing Mr Karma is legitimate cannot also claim Salwa Judum is not—unless, of course, get into the Orwellian territory of saying “unconstitutional actions are morally justified when our side does them, but illegitimate when our opponents do them.”

Salwa Judum is just one aspect of the reluctance and half-heartedness of the Indian establishment’s defence against the Maoists’ war on the republic. The Chhattisgarh massacre should inject moral clarity and lucidity into the public mind. The Indian republic must fight this war. It would be another mistake to use the armed forces for this task. Counter-insurgency needs a different sort of capacity. How to acquire this capacity and how to deploy it needs a far more nuanced debate than the one we have now.

Related Link: What kind of capacity does India need for counter-insurgency:a special report in Pragati on a panel discussion on this topic.

(from The Acorn http://acorn.nationalinterest.in/2013/05/28/karma-is-not-an-excuse-for-mao/)

Indian political parties must realise that popularity in social media cannot guarantee an election victory and can only supplement a grass-roots organisation and campaign

In early April, The Hindu ran a lead story on the potential of social media to decisively influence the outcome of elections in at least 160 constituencies. The story, based on a research report by the IRIS Knowledge Foundation and the Internet and Mobile Association of India (IAMAI), contended that there are “160 ‘high-impact constituencies” where the number of Facebook users exceeds the margin of victory in the last election, or constitutes 10 per cent or more of the voting population.” It’s a simplistic proposition as admitted by the study’s proponents themselves and there are many obvious flaws in the theory.

Nevertheless, the idea has gained ground. The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) already has an organised presence online with an army of volunteers who descend on anyone who dares critique the party, and many of its party heavyweights, including Gujarat Chief Minister Narendra Modi are active on social media. The party also recently started working on its social media “guidelines” for its volunteers and held a meet in Delhi. The Congress is getting into the act slowly but ambitiously with plans to spend Rs.100 crore on social media. The Prime Minister’s Office recently opened a Twitter account. Many other younger Members of Parliament have an online presence as well.

Impact of who votes

While all attempts at increasing communication between the political parties and the people themselves must be welcomed, the impact of social media on elections in India is vastly overstated. First, a closer look at the central premise of the study where a constituency is deemed high-impact if the number of Facebook users exceeds the victory margin. There are many obvious flaws in this theory, some noted by the study itself including the fact that it is not known how many of these users are active not just on the site itself but politically. Voter turnout in India in the general election is around 60 per cent, with greater participation of the lower income classes. It is thus safe to assume that the percentage of politically active users on social media will be less than 60 per cent given their middle-class base. A case in point: Gujarat Chief Minister Narendra Modi, arguably the most technologically savvy politician of India garnered 1.6 million “Likes” on Facebook. The number for actor Shahrukh Khan? 3.8 m. Actor Priyanka Chopra? 3.9 m. Furthermore, social media sites are not ideological platforms; the users are a heterogenous group ranging from the apolitical to political, and the left to the right. Of those who are already politically active, it is doubtful that social media can help change political affiliation, given the intensely partisan nature of online exchange. So this is what the social media proposition looks like: of the total users, some are fake and inactive. An entire section cares more about Bollywood than Lok Sabha. And of the small section of Lok Sabha enthusiasts, there are hardly if any, undecided.

The Obama campaign

What then is the social media proposition? What of Barack Obama who beat Hillary Clinton to clinch the Democratic Party nomination to defeat George Bush in 2008, and then win again in 2012? What about the Arab Spring protests fomented by social media? While it is true that Mr. Obama leveraged social media heavily in both elections, what is missed by his Indian counterparts (and certainly those looking to sell social media management) is that the campaign used social media not in isolation but to drive his offline grass-roots campaign. Soon after his election, Chris Hughes, the coordinator of Mr. Obama’s online campaign and website My.BarackObama noted that what made the site unique was not the “technology itself, but the people who used the online tools to coordinate offline action.” The My.BarackObama website was used to create more than 35,000 local organising groups, 200,000 events, and millions upon millions of calls to neighbours about the 2008 campaign. In 2012, in addition to this grass-roots organisation, the Obama campaign leveraged big data to work with the electorate at an “atomic level.” In this “as many as one thousand variables each [for potential voters], drawn from voter registration records, consumer data warehouses, and past campaign contacts” were combined with surveys and volunteer interactions to “derive individual-level predictions.” In contrast, Indian political parties are using social media largely to drive a partisan discourse of either abject devotion or juvenile rhetoric. For instance, after speeches by both Narendra Modi and Congress vice-president Rahul Gandhi at business forums recently, the online discussion was dominated not by substance but obsessive repetition of “Feku” and “Pappu” by Congress and BJP supporters respectively. The Indian style of online engagement thus most closely resembles that of Imran Khan, by far the most popular politician online in Pakistan, but whose party was placed third, winning even less seats than the discredited incumbent party, the People’s Party of Pakistan. This is in consonance with the hypothesis that social media doesn’t influence voter behaviour on its own, and can at best supplement the grass-roots organisation of political parties. In any case, given that internet penetration in India is only 12 per cent and five per cent on Facebook, by far the largest social media website, only five per cent, using social media to drive offline engagement is improbable.

Censorship

All said, social media is a useful medium of communication because of its decentralised nature which helps bypass censorship. There is a difference between relaying information and influencing behaviour. Social media did not foment the Arab Spring but did help amplify the protests by making it difficult to censor communication and making information easily accessible. Live 24×7 television coverage by Al Jazeera was another factor in sustaining and spreading the protests. In India, social media is being used by the Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) to directly reach out to its supporters after it soured its relationship with the media with one too many press conferences. However, established political parties are less susceptible to such censorship especially in the context of 24×7 news. What they lack are not adequate channels for communication but content itself as evident from the overblown and facile rhetoric they are increasingly engaging in.

(Ruchi Gupta is associated with the Mazdoor Kisan Shakti Sangathan and National Campaign for People’s Right to Information. The views expressed are personal. twitter.com/guptar)

(from The Hindu: Mobile Edition http://m.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/roflmao-likes-on-facebook-dont-mean-votes/article4756996.ece/)

Last week more than 40 news ombudsmen from across the world met at Los Angeles for three days discussing the challenges facing not just news ombudsmen but journalism in its entirety. There were some fundamental differences in our work as some of the participants were standards editor, whose work or intervention happens before the publication or broadcast, and the rest were like the Readers’ Editor of this newspaper, whose work is clearly post publication. But our concerns were the same: ensuring accuracy, fairness, balance and accountability in the journalistic output of the respective organisations.

Stephen Pritchard, the Readers’ Editor of Observer in the U.K. and president of the Organization of News Ombudsmen (ONO), and Jeffrey Dvorkin, the executive director of ONO and an academic, came up with a set of questions that brought out the serious challenges facing quality journalism across the planet. Among the topics for discussion: whether ombudsmen should be in the business of protecting sources. It may seem obvious to journalists, but the question becomes more complicated when a reporter’s credibility is involved and whether a news organisation owes a higher obligation to the public or to the reporter. Should ombudsmen correct opinion-based journalists, aka, columnists? Should ombudsmen intervene when the news organisation engages in “pack journalism” even if the public does not object? “Sponsored content” is one way in which newspapers have journalists writing advertising copy. It saves money for the paper, but does it sully the reputation of the journalists? And what should ombudsmen do when it happens? Also we looked at how the role of the news ombudsman itself, has changed, and whether ombudsmen need to reassess their traditional position inside a media organisation. Should they always remain at a distance from the editorial processes? Or should they be more involved as “trusted advisers” not only to the public, but also to journalists and management as well?

There were no easy answers. The question of protecting the sources became very urgent issue in face of the Justice Department of the United States subpoenaing the telephone records of the international news agency, the Associated Press. Although the Justice Department has not explained why it sought phone records from the AP, according to Associated Press President Gary Pruitt, it was a May 7, 2012, story that disclosed details of a successful CIA operation in Yemen to stop an airliner bomb plot around the one-year anniversary of the May 2, 2011, killing of Osama bin Laden that has led to the crackdown. The AP withheld that story at the request of government officials who felt it would jeopardise national security but released it only after two government entities said that the threat had passed. “We respected that, we acted responsibly, we held the story,” Pruitt said.

Margaret Sullivan, Public Editor of the New York Times, in her column explained in a succinct manner why this is an issue for all media organisations and not just the AP. She wrote: “Reporters get their information from sources. They need to be able to protect those sources and sometimes offer them confidentiality. If they can’t be sure about that – and it looks increasingly like they can’t – the sources will dry up. And so will the information. Sad to say, that seems to be exactly what the Justice Department has in mind with its leak investigations.”

Edward Wasserman, Dean, University of California, Berkeley School of Journalism, painted a rather disturbing image of what was happening in the United States in his presentation to the gathered ombudsmen. He said: “Obama took office pledging tolerance and even support for whistleblowers, but instead is prosecuting them with a zeal that’s historically unprecedented. His Justice Department has conducted six prosecutions over leaks of classified information to reporters. Five involve the Espionage Act, a powerful law that had previously been used only four times since it was enacted in 1917 to prosecute spies.”

Expanding further on the negative side of the technological breakthroughs, Prof. Wasserman said “in the post-9/11 explosion in government intercepts, electronic surveillance, and data capture of all imaginable kinds – the NSA is estimated to have intercepted 15 to 20 trillion communications in the past decade – the secrecy police have vast new ways to identify leakers.” He quoted a chilling declaration by a national security representative: “We’re not going to subpoena reporters in the future. We don’t need to. We know who you’re talking to.”

There was an undeclared unanimity on the need for ombudsmen to do their part to protect and defend sources, an integral part of any good investigative journalism. The ombudsmen columns may help to flag these concerns. But, we need to do more.

readerseditor@thehindu.co.in

(from The Hindu: Mobile Edition http://m.thehindu.com/opinion/Readers-Editor/protecting-the-source/article4753566.ece/)

Scientists develop flush-efficient toilet system that can turn waste into energy, sort before it recycles

Scientists from Singapore’s Nanyang Technological University aren’t keen on being wasteful — that’s why they’ve developed a toilet that uses 90% less water than other commodes and is capable of generating energy. Aptly named the No-Mix Vacuum Toilet, the porcelain pedestal’s pot divides waste between two partitions — one side for liquids, the other for solids — and uses vacuum tech reminiscent of airline lavatories. Flushing fluid and solid wastes with 1 and 0.2 liters of H2O, respectively, the can will be able to route refuse to external processing facilities. Fertilizer ingredients such as nitrogen, potassium and phosphorous would then be harvested from liquids. Similarly, methane can be coaxed from solids for conversion to electricity or as a replacement for other natural gasses. Two of the university’s restrooms are slated to have the toilets installed in the near future, and the team expects the thrones to roll out worldwide within three years.

[Thanks, Yuka]

(from Engadget http://www.engadget.com/2012/06/29/flush-efficient-toilet-system-turns-waste-to-energy/)

University of Tokyo builds a soap bubble 3D screen, guarantees your display stays squeaky clean video

There are waterfall screens, but what if you’d like your display to be a little more… pristine? Researchers at the University of Tokyo have developed a display that hits soap bubbles with ultrasonic sound to change the surface. At a minimum, it can change how light glances off the soap film to produce the image. It gets truly creative when taking advantage of the soap’s properties: a single screen is enough to alter the texture of a 2D image, and multiple screens in tandem can create what amounts to a slightly sticky hologram. As the soap is made out of sturdy colloids rather than the easily-burst mixture we all knew as kids, users won’t have to worry about an overly touch-happy colleague popping a business presentation. There’s a video preview of the technology after the jump; we’re promised a closer look at the technology during the SIGGRAPH expo in August, but we don’t yet know how many years it will take to find sudsy screens in the wild.

(from Engadget http://www.engadget.com/2012/06/29/university-of-tokyo-builds-a-soap-bubble-3d-screen/)

Hundred Zeros v2.0

Posted: June 19, 2012 in Uncategorized

Looking for free ebooks? Check the all new Hundred Zeros that went live few hours ago. It’s better and much bigger than the previous version.

hundred zeros - free ebooks

Free eBooks on all Subjects

If you are new, HundredZeros.com is the collection of ebooks that you can read on your computer, your mobile device, your Kindle or inside the web browser itself sans any software.

The site initially launched as Zero Dollar Books but since it may go well beyond ebooks in the future, the site has been rebranded as Hundred Zeros. Here’s what’s new in this release:

  1. You can now browse free ebooks by subject – like Romance, Cooking, History or Travel.
  2. You can find free ebooks on any topic (or by author) using the handy search box – like Shakespeare.
  3. The site uses responsive design and hence should work on all screens.

All you need is a free Amazon.com account and you can read any of these books even without the Kindle device.

For updates, you can follow HundredZeros.com on Twitter and Facebook.

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Digital Inspiration @labnolThis story, Hundred Zeros v2.0, was originally published at Digital Inspiration on 18/06/2012 under Amazon Kindle, Internet.

Related posts:

  1. Learn How to Create eBooks for the iPad with this O’Reilly eBook
  2. Link Building Tips from Matt Cutts
  3. Comparing the Size of Online eBook Stores
  4. Download Free Books for your Amazon Kindle
  5. The Kindle Best Sellers that are currently Free

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(from Digital Inspiration Technology Blog http://www.labnol.org/internet/free-ebooks/21426/)